Joaquim Tenreiro
Joaquim Tenreiro is considered the master and the precursor of Brazilian Modern furniture. Born in 1906, in Melo, Portugal,Tenreiro was a skilled cabinet maker, a profession he learned through his family. In 1928, he stablished himself in Rio de Janeiro. He has studied at Liceu Literário Português and at Liceu de Artes e Ofícios. Through the years he has became furniture and interior designer, sculptor, painter, etcher and drawer.

Between 1931 and 1942, he worked for the Laubisch & Hirth, Leandro Martins, and Francisco Gomes factories, with European-style furniture. The birth of Brazilian Modern furniture started in 1941, when the avant-gardist man Francisco Inácio Peixoto ordered furniture that should be suitable for his house designed by Oscar Niemeyer, in Cataguases – Minas Gerais state. In 1942 he created his Poltrona Leve Light Armchair, followed by generations of one-of-a-kind artisanal pieces of furniture, exhibiting the qualities that were dear to him: sobriety, distinction and coziness. His masterwork, Cadeira de Três Pés Three-Legged Chair, of 1947, one of the national icons, represents the genius of this designer.

From 1942 to 1968, leading Langebach & Tenreiro Móveis e Decorações, he opened stores in Rio de Janeiro in 1947 and in São Paulo in 1953. From 1968 on, he dedicated himself to sculpture and painting. He died in 1992, in Itapira, São Paulo state.

Text - Graça Bueno
Illustration - Julio Dui

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